To:   U.S. Department of State

Bureau of Educational and Cultural Affairs

Office of Citizen Exchanges

Program Management Staff

Washington, D.C. 20547

http://e.usia.gov/education/rfps

 

 

 

 

 

WOMEN’S LEADERSHIP TRAINING PROGRAM IN ECUADOR

FINAL REPORT

 

 

AGREEMENT PEJY-1258

 

Administered by:

Global Village Institute

 

Partners:

Caravana Arcoiris Por La Paz

Red De Solidaridad Con Los Migrantes, Exmigrantes Y Sus Familias

Tejemujeres

Centro De Educación Y Acción De Las Mujeres Otavaleñas

Federación Indigena Y Campesina De La Inrujta

 

 

Global Village Institute for Appropriate Technology

89 Schoolhouse Rd • PO Box 90

Summertown TN 38483-0090 USA

Tel/Fax: 931-964-4324 • gen@ecovillage.org • www.i4at.org

 

 


 

Project Partners

 

The Global Village Institute for Appropriate Technology (www.i4at.org) is an educational organization formed in 1974. The Institute has trained more than 6,000 individuals from more than 60 countries in projects of this type. The Institute has worked with la Caravana since 1996.

 

La Caravana (www.lacaravana.org) is an international, mobile ecovillage outreach project. Since its inception in 1996 in Mexico, it has traveled through 11 countries bringing leadership training and grassroots ecological awareness to tens of thousands of Latin Americans. It has organized and taught conflict resolution, consensus decision-making, and many other skills to persons of every social and economic class in cities, towns, villages and remote communities.

 

Centro de Educación y Acción de las Mujeres Otavaleñas (CEAMO) has been providing appropriate leadership training and technical assistance to women with a strong family orientation. CEAMO has conflict resolution and leadership training alliances with local police and health departments and 32 community and women’s organizations, representing several thousand rural, urban, indigenous and mestizo women.

 

Federación Indigena y Campesina de la Inrujta (FICI) represents over 160 primarily native Kichwa communities. Its mission is to organize communal projects promoting economic sustainability (craft, agriculture, fishing, tourism), adequate housing, education and health care.

 

Red De Solidaridad Con Los Migrantes, Exmigrantes Y Sus Familias (RSMEF) is an organization of social support formed by women worried about the traumatic consequences of migration for families and the society. RSMEF seeks to assure affordable housing, sanitation and access to education for migrant families.

 

Tejemujeres is a women’s textile cooperative founded in 1992 in Gualaceo, which is composed of 120 women working together to produce textiles and to improve their social and economic conditions.

 


PROGRAM REPORT

 

Planning and Investigation

 

During the four months from October, 2001 to January of 2002 la Caravana met with women leaders from the various community development organizations already identified through personal and Internet contacts. Project staff translated to Spanish the relevant documents describing the project (Appendix Y) and sent an initial press release to the media (Appendix U).

 

On October 30 and November 15, 2001 project staff held meetings in Quito with 23 leaders of 12 national women’s organizations representing grassroots, political, urban, production, youth, women’s rights and social and economic development groups. Support was generated for the Peace Village program and the participants were invited to brainstorm the most important problems facing Ecuadorian women. Project staff led the group to prioritize the ideas by asking, “Where could we have the most impact?” Self-esteem (dignity) and identity (historical consciousness) were identified as specific focus areas. As a result of these meetings it was decided to focus the workshop program and the Council offerings at the Peace Village to reflect these priorities.

 

The project coordinator, Alejandra Liora Adler, met twice with Ms. Collete M. Christian, Cultural Affairs Attache at the U.S. Embassy in Quito. A positive working relationship was established and Ms. Christian provided contacts with women’s groups, particularly in Esmeraldas. Unfortunately, due to work commitments, Ms. Christian was unable to attend the Peace Village itself, but through follow-up emails has asked to be part of the listserv for the Ecuadorian Women’s Leadership Network for Peace and to be kept abreast of developments.

 

La Caravana traveled to the province of Manabí and Guayas in January, 2002, making contact with women’s groups in this coastal region. Project staff had noted that coastal groups were up until that time inadequately represented in the database of community development organizations. This field investigation was employed to remedy that deficiency.

 

Workshops Preparation

 

In late February, 2002, after extensive investigation, la Caravana chose Azuay as the most appropriate province for hosting the Women’s Peace Village. The decision was based on research done over the previous four months, and considering the geographic, social, cultural, climate and support conditions needed for the project. Cuenca, the capital of the province has excellent transportation and is strategically located at a reasonable distance from the eastern Amazon regions a nd from the major cities of Loja, Guayaquil and Quito. Cuenca already had a strong women’s movement, supported by both the Vice-Mayor—a woman and former head of an important NGO—and by the Director of Education, Culture and Tourism. The temperate climate in the region and expected dry weather provided favorable conditions for the majority of participants.

 

There emerged two women’s organizations that were most enthusiastic about the Women’s Peace Village and the preparatory workshops. As workshops were already an integral part of their program, they were most interested in the opportunities offered by the training.

 

Red de Solidaridad con los Migrantes, Ex-Migrantes y sus Familias (RSMEF) was a relatively new organization and needed the workshops to help strengthen its administrative structure and decision-making skills to become more solidified and effective. Its members were also extremely excited about the possibilities and had a larger world perspective than the mostly agriculture-based women of Tejemujeres.

 

Tejemujeres and RSMEF were invited to become partners in the project. We felt that their diversity would be a positive improvement of our program and would challenge us to train and get to know women of distinctive cultural and educational backgrounds.

 

Fairly early in the preparation process two original partners, CEAMO and FICI, decided that because of the distance to the workshop sites and for other reasons, they would be unable to fully participate as they originally intended to. Their participation in the advance planning, scoping, and early evaluation process was nonetheless very helpful.

 

Workshops Implementation

 

From February to May of 2002, a total of forty women leaders selected by RSMEF’s and Tejemujeres’ members participated in GVI/Caravana workshops in Administrative Skills, Event Planning, Consensus Decision-Making/Meeting Facilitation/Conflict Resolution and Video Documentation. Our partners also provided workshops to train these women in Creative Design (Tejemujeres), Organic Agriculture (RSMEF), and Self-Esteem (both groups).

 

The workshops ranged from 6 to 12 hours each, in sessions of 3 hours. As a result of the enthusiasm and needs of the group, the Video Documentation workshop was extended to six sessions (total of 18 hours). The workshops on Administrative Skills and Consensus Decision-Making were reinforced by numerous planning meetings for the Women’s Peace Village, which both emphasized practical skills in organization and administration, event planning, coalition building, effective communication and networking and gave the women the opportunity to practice their newly learned meeting facilitation skills. The women from RSMEF actively participated in these sessions. Due to transportation difficulties and other work commitments, there was less participation by the women from Tejemujeres.

 

Selection of International and Local Trainers

 

Trainers were selected upon the basis of relevant knowledge and teaching skills, and their capacity to relate to a diverse participant group. Three trainers were from the U.S. (Consensus Decision-Making, Meeting Facilitation and Video Documentation). Another trainer for Video Documentation was brought from Mexico, and local international trainers from la Caravana brought diversity to the group (from Spain, Italy, Mexico, Argentina, and Colombia). Most of the trainers were women, all were Spanish speakers, and they came from diverse social, geographic, economic and cultural backgrounds.

 

Training and resource materials were translated into Spanish as needed and were provided for all participants.

 

Workshops included orientation and evaluation phases for participants, instructors and partner organizations. The evaluation procedure followed the consensus training model of listing “What we did well” and “How we can improve.” Evaluative comments for workshops were highly positive, praising participation, dynamism of the activities, applicability to the organization and the individual participants, meeting of workshop objectives, the diversity of the participant group, the opportunity for active involvement, and the empowerment of the women. Since evaluation was an ongoing procedure, suggested improvements, such as more workshop time, more materials, and creativity in dealing with a very diverse group, were taken into account in the organization of later workshops.

 

During the adult workshops, 24 children were given workshops in arts and crafts, circus arts, music and dance by international trainers from la Caravana. This provided a broadened cultural outlook and increased their skill levels in a variety of creative endeavors.

 

Women’s Peace Village Organization and Invitations

 

A week-long Women’s Peace Village inviting 140 women leaders from all parts of Ecuador and 6 international locations (U.S., Spain, Italy, Argentina, Hungary and Colombia) was organized by the partner organizations. The event, held from June 3-9 in Paute, Azuay, Ecuador, included women from 109 Ecuadorian women’s organizations and 16 provinces, reflecting an extraordinary geographical and cultural diversity (See Appendix A: List of Participants). Several women from remote villages in the Amazon took more than a day to arrive, by canoe, light airplane and bus. Others came from the distant towns bordering Colombia or Peru and from coastal areas of difficult access.

 

A two-month process (April/May 2002) to convene the Peace Village led to the production of a three-fold brochure (Appendix B), letters of invitation (Appendices C and D) and a Peace Village program (Appendix E). Due to known local communications delays by government mail, the Peace Village was convened by three methods: email, fax and regular mail. In addition, la Caravana posted all information on its Spanish web site at www.lacaravana.org/espanol/AldeadePaz.htm.

 

An unexpected, extremely favorable by-product of the invitation process was the production of a database detailing more than 280 women’s groups we were able to identify in the process of the preparatory investigations. This database was put on CD-ROM and made available to the women’s organizations. It is to our knowledge the only relatively complete listing of women’s organizations in Ecuador and as such represents an important step in the unification of the women’s leadership movement. (Appendix F).

 

The site chosen for the Peace Village was the Campamento Luterano in Paute, Azuay, due to its accessibility (40 minutes from Cuenca), rustic but comfortable infrastructure, country setting and capacity to house a large group. In general we were quite satisfied with the choice of venue.

 

The infrastructure was supplemented by the use of the large tent of la Caravana, which was divided into two sections, one for plenaries and the other to house the childrens activity area. The tents became the site of all large gatherings and evening activities. In addition the Ecuadorian Military supplied us with two smaller tents which served as Council and workshop meeting spaces.

 

Women interested in participating were asked to fill out and submit a request for participation in which they were asked questions about themselves, their organization, the number of people/communities their organization represents, and the method by which they were chosen to represent their organization (Appendix G: Solicitud de Inscripcion).

 

Organizations were given the opportunity to request participation for two member leaders. Participants were assured that their expenses for transportation to and from the Village, lodging, food and work materials would be provided by the organizers.

 

A total of 350 invitations were sent to women’s organizations, movements, individuals, and municipal governments by email, fax, mail, telephone and hand delivery (Appendices C, D and EE).

 

A total of 183 women requested participation in the Peace Village. Participants were confirmed using the criteria of geographic, cultural, educational and economic diversity as well as diversity of the women’s organizations. Women from the RSMEF aided in the selection process. 140 confirmations and 43 letters of no-confirmation were sent to participants (Appendices H and I). A “last call” letter was sent to potential participants several days before the final deadline (Appendix AA). Although potential participants were asked to attend the full 6 days, there were leaders who for various personal or professional reasons came late or left early or did not come at all. Others who had received letters of no-confirmation came anyway. The vast majority of the women participated in the full 6 days. Some local women were only able to attend for one or two days, due to family and work commitments. This was particularly true of the women from our partner group Tejemujeres. Others participated daily but did not sleep at the Camp.

 

This was not an ideal situation from the point of view of effective organization, but is a reality in Latin America, especially in dealing with women, whose plans often change due to the needs of husbands and children.

 

Upon arrival the women received a notebook, pen, welcome letter, map, schedule, identifying badge, work materials, and a cabin assignment (Appendices J, K, L, and M). Cabins held 6 adults plus children and assignments were designed to promote interaction amongst diverse groups. The registration process was focalized by women from RSMEF after several preparatory meetings and agreements on procedures (Appendix BB). Each participant’s data was confirmed to correct potential errors in the database.

 

Each participant received a resume of the consensus process and the opportunity to purchase the complete manual at minimal cost (Appendices N and HH). The database on CD-ROM was made available to participants as well as to all those listed in the database.

 

Three meals per day were served in a communal dining room as well as two snacks. The menus combined international vegetarian and meat selections as well as some regional and national dishes (Appendix FF). Considering the huge diversity of tastes, most people appreciated the food, although some participants suggested more regional dishes in future events.

 

Women’s Peace Village  Program

 

Each morning after optional exercises and breakfast, the women participated in a plenary session training them in consensus decision-making, facilitation, conflict resolution and community organizing as well as providing opportunities for the sharing of their cultural identities, for practicing consensus by making decisions related to daily life, and for group discussions of mutual concern. Orientation to the Peace Village as well as daily check-ins were part of the plenary sessions. The consensus model was not only taught, but demonstrated by a skilled facilitator and trainer from the U.S., Beatrice Briggs, head of the International Institute for Facilitation and Consensus (www.iifac.org). (See: Appendix O, IIFAC Brochure).

 

The facilitation of the Councils was accomplished by a team of facilitators from the partner organizations trained during the prior workshops. Councils included: Arts and Culture, Education, Ecology, Health and Sexuality, Young Peoples, Women in Politics, Women in History, and Children. Regional Meetings and meetings on themes of common interest were also facilitated by the novice facilitators. There were nightly meetings of the facilitation teams to reinforce participation and resolve doubts and difficulties. Written suggestions assisted the learning process (Appendices Q, R and S).

 

Evaluation of this training process was extremely positive. Many participants considered the plenary and small group sessions to be one of the most valuable aspects of the Peace Village. Positive comments stressed the possibility for all to participate, the clarity of the teaching, the relevance to their work and the capacity of the group to reach decisions by consensus. Improvement was suggested in the area of punctuality by participants.

 

Afternoons were devoted to workshops offered by representatives from the different women’s groups and members of the partner organizations. Topics ranged from Andean medicine, massage therapy, yogurt making, solar ovens, permaculture, self-esteem, equality, crafts, culinary lessons, photography, naturopathy, children’s education, micro-credits and cottage industries, nutrition, to migration and its effects on the family, women’s history and social disintegration and how to combat it.

 

There were also three field trips arranged by the Women’s Network of Paute, which, along with the partner organizations, served as host. These field trips  were to projects with either an ecological or social focus and were an opportunity for the leaders to learn about local initiatives in economic and ecological sustainability.

 

One afternoon was devoted to a “Barter Fair” in which women were able to view and trade crafts, products and services. This activity increased the self-esteem of the participants and served as a potential model for improved economic sustainability.

 

Again the evaluation of the afternoon programs was overwhelmingly positive. The only “complaint” was the desire on the part of many women to be able to attend all of the workshops in which they were interested. It was difficult to choose and some resented the concurrent programming despite their understanding of the desire on the part of the majority of participants to be able to choose amongst a diversity of topics.

 

Evening programs included six multi-cultural events providing opportunities to share among the partner organizations and the Peace Village participants. Among the activities were Saragura, Shuar, Afro-Ecuadorian and Quechua dances, an international program of “Dances of the World”, two audiovisuals, an Andean folkloric music group from Peru and Bolivia, poetry offered by participants in various languages, circus arts, story-telling and theatre.

 

Although when asked in the evaluation which program the women enjoyed most, the majority answered “all”, a large group particularly enjoyed the dances and the presentations by la Caravana. That there were no suggested improvements for evening programs was an indication of the high level of participation and enthusiasm. These programs provided important opportunities for group integration and the sharing of cultural experiences amongst the American and international participants and the Ecuadorians.

 

Women participating in the Peace Village were allowed to bring one child with them if necessary to assist their participation. Over the course of the week, 37 children were involved in multi-cultural workshops in music, dance, theatre, crafts, stilts, recycling, gardening and juggling with members of la Caravana and local volunteers. Children ranged in age from babies to pre-adolescents. Some of the local volunteers brought their own children, augmenting the size of the group.

 

The children prepared a presentation for the final plenary session demonstrating many of the skills they had mastered. Although babies and small children needed periodic care from their mothers, and there were some complaints by women leaders due to the inevitable interruptions, most of the women who had brought children considered this possibility an essential part of their participation and generally activities were so interesting that the children were happy to leave their mothers alone to work.

 

A health center was set up to deal with any problems and attention was provided when needed. We had a nurse on call 24 hours a day and had alerted the local hospital, ambulance service and Red Cross. Fortunately there were no serious emergencies, and the health practitioners within the partner groups were able to deal with the relatively minor illnesses and accidents that occurred.

 

Participants were given certificates at the closing ceremony recognizing their participation in the Peace Village and their founding of the Ecuadorian Network of Women Leaders for Peace (Appendix GG). Each received a list of Peace Village participants to facilitate further contacts.

 

Video Documentation

 

As follow-up to the workshops given to the partner participants, the video team met during the Peace Village to coordinate the documentation process. Unfortunately some of the women who had taken the workshop were more interested in attending activities and seemed to lack sufficient self-confidence and training to spend much time recording the event. Nonetheless, four video cameras were in active use throughout the Peace Village and four women from the RSMEF did participate in the documentary process. One of these women has been involved in the editing process and several have given input. Although the anticipated involvement of the women in the documentary was not as complete as had been hoped for, we feel the process was very beneficial in exposing the women to its potential and exciting their interest. It is suggested that in future projects the video documentation workshops be expanded to allow more time for workshops considering the diversity of the group and the level at which the women are initiating their training.

 

A video documentary entitled “Tejiendo Redes, Tejiendo Futuro” (Weaving Networks, Weaving Futures) has been produced by the production team, principally the video instructors and few of the women participants (See VHS videotape). This video was premiered at the World Summit on Sustainable Development in Johannesburg and will be distributed in Ecuador through the Ecuadorian Women’s Leadership Network, and then throughout Latin America and the world by la Caravana, GVI and the Global Ecovillage Network. We are seeking the means to make an English subtitled version and considering the possibility to enter it in film documentary festivals and contests.

 

We are extremely excited about this professional quality video and its potential to inspire and motivate women to unite and form networks. It also demonstrates the replicability of the project.

 

Participant Evaluation

 

Daily check-ins at the plenary sessions enabled participants to voice and resolve concerns. The facilitator team had daily meetings to evaluate process and prepare for the following day’s activities. All of the women were asked to fill out and return complete evaluation forms (Appendix T) at the end of the Peace Village. A total of 76 evaluation forms were returned. Women who had only participated for one or several days or who departed before the forms were distributed were not included in this process.

 

An overwhelming number of women expressed thanks for the opportunity to attend the Peace Village, and many claimed it to be the highlight of their lives. Comments such as “The integrity of the knowledge and feelings were amply shown.” “The most valuable part was to learn and enrich my knowledge.” “The diversity of cultures united for a similar objective was very important” were common. Many were very emotional in the expression of their gratitude for the experience.

 

A total of 73 women, when asked if they would attend a similar event in the future replied that they would. The remaining three responded that it would depend on circumstances.

 

There were several complaints about the administrator of the Camp and his wife who turned out to be fanatically religious and were inappropriate in their desire to interfere with some of the cultural activities. There were a few personal items missing from participants during the course of the week. Although this was dealt with in the group plenary sessions and did not become a major problem, several participants expressed disappointment at this eventuality. A suggestion was made to make more efforts to have press and TV at the Peace Village. Several press releases and bulletins were sent out (examples in Appendices U and V) and a press conference was held prior to the event. There was some media attention in the form of articles, radio shows and TV announcements (Appendices W and X). During the event, however, there was coverage by only one TV station only. In future events it would seem important to try to involve more communications media in the Peace Village itself.

 

The file of evaluation responses is available in our office.All of the Appendices are included on a CD-ROM accompanying this report, and posted on our website at www.i4at.org/peacevillage.

 

Follow-up

 

The culmination of the Peace Village was the formation of the Ecuadorian Women Leaders Network for Peace (Red Ecuadoriana de Mujeres Lideres por la Paz). The women also signed a declaration which they had written during the last days of the Village outlining their concerns as women for the problems they encounter on all levels in their country. It was agreed that the Network would be temporarily headed by the Azuay group, particularly the women from the RSMEF who had been trained in this project. This leadership would rotate after two years. The women were designated the task of organizing the network, writing a code of ethics, and looking for ways to convene the 2nd Women’s Peace Village of Ecuador. There were suggestions made to launch the Network on the same day, all over the country.

 

The Azuay committee as of Aug 15, 2002 has had four meetings and has made some progress. It has decided to launch the Network on Oct 12, 2002 with celebrations, cultural activities and other events throughout the country. They are calling this day “The Rediscovery of Women.”  REMLP has designated Leticia Quintero of the RSMEF as President and has assigned other Azuay participants as officers. The majority of the officers are from the RSMEF.

 

Members of the Committee who did not have email accounts have taken a workshop in “How to set up an Email account” (Appendix Z), given by a Caravan trainer and have set up their accounts.

 

REMLP has created (with help from la Caravana) a listserv for participants in the Peace Village and other interested members. Ms. Christian M. Collette of the U.S. Embassy in Quito is a member of this listserv. Through this listserv they are distributing suggestions for the Oct 12 launching and a press release to aid in the organization. It has agreed to distribute in Ecuador the video documentary on the Women’s Peace Village..

 

Final Evaluation by Staff

 

On June 12, 2002, eighteen members of the partner organizations met to evaluate the entire process of the project. There was general agreement amongst all participants that the project had met or exceeded expectations and was a resounding success. There were nonetheless a good number of suggestions for improvements for future events:

 

Food Service: The dedication of the kitchen staff was praised, as well as the healthiness of the food, the punctuality and organization of the meals. Suggestions for future events included a daily description of the meals to be served to the participants. Many women were unfamiliar with the international dishes and might have enjoyed them more with an explanation. There was a desire for more regional dishes to balance the international meals. There was a need for greater effort to find local and organic produce. We needed more formal clean-up committees employing the participants. It would have been preferable to set up external dish washing although this was not permitted by the venue in this case.

 

Evening programs were praised for their variety and quality and their encouragement of integration and bonding of the group. People especially like the playful quality of many programs and the opportunities given for free expression and improvisation. Although there was participation by the women in most programs, it was felt that this could be even further augmented for future events.

 

The organizational team was praised as being very solid, effective and focused. Much love was expressed and an attitude of service predominated. Partners felt they had worked extremely well together even when they needed to improvise in unexpected situations and that the workshops and planning process had enabled them to harmonize effectively. Having clear functions was stressed as important with determinant decision-making lines. The active participation of the women from the RSMEF was highly appreciated. Organizational problems were often a result of third party changes (e.g.: women who were registered and didn’t arrive, or others who were not registered but did). Still it was suggested that a three month lead time for Peace Village organization would have been more adequate and that there should have been a firm deadline for registration two weeks prior, with participants expected to reconfirm their participation one week ahead of time.

 

A daily meeting time for the organizers would have helped, although most of the problems were resolved in the facilitators meetings. A lengthy evaluation of the disappointing level of participation by the partners from Tejemujeres in the Peace Village revealed that the women were from the beginning more interested in receiving the workshops than in participating in the Peace Village. They always objected that a week-long program was impossible for them given their other work commitments. Their major focus is on their work and their time commitments are very circumscribed.

 

Most of the Tejemujeres women never understood the larger implications of the project. Due to transportation difficulties from Gualaceo to Cuenca (one hour by public transportation) the women did not participate actively in the planning meetings and were therefore not as committed to the project in its wider sense. There was general agreement that for future projects we should consider these potential factors in the choice of a partner group. Still, the women from Tejemujeres were grateful for the project, felt that they had benefited greatly, particularly in the workshop phase, and regretted not having been able to participate more actively in the Peace Village and its follow-up.

 

The evaluation of the workshops during the Peace Village yielded the following comments: excellent spaces, good management of materials, better organization as the week progressed, excellent participation. Suggested improvements included: no excursions during workshop periods, workshops might be planned by the Councils throughout the week to give more cohesion to the Councils, lack of sufficient time for some workshops, lack of criteria for accepting workshop leaders from amongst the women participants—some workshop leaders lacked sufficient knowledge or preparation.

 

Infrastructure: The venue was praised for its accessibility, comfortable infrastructure, gardens, good climate, hot water, excellent kitchen and ability to prepare the food with local women helping. Suggestions for future venues included public telephones, bathrooms closer to the cabins and newer tents from the military.

 

The final evaluation ended with a revision of next steps to fortify the Ecuadorian Network of Women Leaders. The Coordinating Committee was formed and has begun its work.

 

Despite the fact that la Caravana will be moving into Peru over the next several months, it plans to maintain contact with the Ecuadorian Network and is part of the listserv.

 

All participants expressed gratitude to the U.S. Dept. of State, BECA, for the opportunity to be part of this project and are hopeful that this project can be replicated both in Ecuador and in other countries.

Women’s Leadership Training in Ecuador Budget BECA Budget Recipient Budget Total Actuals BECA Actuals Recipient Actuals Total
Items of Expenditure
1. Program Expenses
a. General Program Expenses
(1) Instructor Fees 2250 2250 4500 2250 2250 4500
(2) Staff Per Diem 3056 2099 5155 3056 2099 5155
(3) Staff International Travel 1200 1345 2545 1200 1345 2545
(4) Ground Transportation 100 28 128 100 28 128
(5) Educational Materials 350 11 361 350 11 361
(6) Video Documentation 0 3967 3967 0 3967 3967
(7) Workshop Handouts 25 12 37 25 12 37
(8) Translators 200 400 600 200 400 600
(9) Child Care 420 504 924 420 504 924
b. Participant Expenses (approx 190)
(1) Per Diem 10365 9934 20299 10365 9934 20299
Sub-Total Program Expenses 17966 20550 38516 17966 20550 38516
2. Administrative Expenses
(1) Salaries 4814 5686 10500 4814 5686 10500
(2) Communictaioons 720 500 1220 720 500 1220
(3) Audit Costs 1000 125 1125 1000 125 1125
(4) Office Rent and Insurance 125 125 250 125 125 250
(5) Office Equipment and Repair 125 1159 1284 125 1159 1284
(6) postage, stationary and supplies 80 16 96 80 16 96
(7) Telephone 95 99 194 90 99 189
(8) Maintenance, utilities 75 81 156 80 81 161
Sub-Total Administrative Expenses 7034 7791 14825 7034 7791 14825
TOTAL AGREEMENT FUNDS 25000 28341 53341 25000 28341 53341

Submitted by

President and Chairman

Global Villlage Institute