Medicinal Oils

Foragers: see our color plant identification guide

Common Name Botanical Name Form Production Method Origin Details
Aniseed Illicum
verum
Seeds Steam distillation Middle East Common uses: Said to control lice and itch mite. Antiseptic, antispasmodic, induce flatulence, diuretic, expectorant, stimulant, stimulate digestion. Blends well with : Bay, Cardamom, Caraway, Cedarwood, Coriander, Fennel, Mandarin, Petitgrain, Rosewood.
CAUTION: Very potent. Do not use on sensitive skin. AVOID USE DURING PREGNANCY.
Anthropogon Rhode-
dendron
Leaves Steam distillation Nepal Anthropogond. Don. Common uses: Used in the treatment of inflammations, lung disorders, general weakening of the body. relieve/suppress coughing, increases perspiration, digestive, reduces fever, restorative.
Basil Ocimum basilicum Leaves & flowers Steam distillation Italy Common uses: Clears the sinuses, promotes digestion, stimulates circulation especially in the respiratory system. Strengthens compassion, faith and brings clarity. Blends well with: Bergamot, Clary Sage, Clove Bud, Lime, Eucalyptus, juniper, Lemon, Neroli, Rosemary.
Bay Pimenta racemosa Leaves Steam distilled West Indies Blends well with: Cedarwood, Coriander, Eucalyptus, Geranium, Ginger, Juniper, Lavender, Lemon, Orange, Rose, Rosemary, Thyme, Ylang Ylang.
Bergamot Citrus bergamia Crude fruit peel Cold pressed Italy Common uses: Aids in the treatment of depression, stress, tension, fear, hysteria, infection ( all types including skin), anorexia, Psoriasis, eczema, general convalescence. Uplifting and invigorating. Useful for oily and blemished skin. Blends well with: Black Pepper, Clary Sage, Cypress, Frankincense, Geranium, Jasmine, Mandarin, Nutmeg, Orange, Rosemary, Sandalwood, Vetiver, Ylang Ylang. CAUTION: Can cause severe burns on sensitive skin that has been exposed to sunlight.
Birch Tar Betula alba Bark Steam Japan Common uses: External application in the form of ointment 10% or soap 10% for eczema, psoraisis, and other skin conditions. Mixed with other Essential oils it is used to keep away mosquitos. Blends well with: Jasmine, Sandalwood. Caution: May cause irritation to sensitive skin. Avoid use in pregnancy.
Cajeput Melaleuca cajeputi Leaves & twigs Steam distillation Indonesia Common uses: Local application in skin disease, stimulating, expectorant, mild analgesic, anti-microbial, relieves nerve pain, anti-spasmodic, antiseptic, increases perspiration, induce flatulence, expectorant, reduces fever, insecticide, restorative agent. Blends well with: Cedarwood, Clove Bud, Oregano, Rosemary, Thyme. CAUTION: Avoid during pregnancy.
Cardamom Elettaria
carda-
momum
Seeds Steam India Common uses: Helpful for the digestive system. Works as a laxative, soothes colic, wind, dyspepsia, nausea, heartburn. As a massage oil or diluted in the bath it can assist the digestive system, coughs, restorative agent. Blends with: Bergamot, Cinnamon, Clove, Carraway, Cedarwood, Orange, Rose.
Carrot Seed Daucus
carota
Seeds Steam Distilled France Common uses: Fantastic for skincare, revitalises and tones. Best essential oil for mature skin. Assists to remove toxins and water build up on the skin making it fresh and firmer. Detoxifying effect on the liver, cleans the digestive system. Helpful for arthritis, gout, odema, rheumatism, toxins in muscles and joints. Strengthens mucous membranes in the nose, throat, lungs, beneficial for bronchitis and influenza. Blends well with : Cypress, Frankincense, Geranium, Lavender, Rosewood.
Cedarwood Cedaris atlantica Wood Steam USA Common uses: Considered an aphrodisiac, warming, uplifting, toning. Used in the treatment of acne, arthritis, bronchitis, coughing, cystitis, dandruff, dermatitis, stress. Blends well with: Chamomile, Eucalyptus, Rosemary, Citrus Oils.
Chamomile German Blue Matricaria recutica Flower head Steam France Common uses: Abscesses, allergies, arthritis, boils, cuts, colic, cystitis, dermatitis, dysmenorrheoa, earache, flatulence, hair, headache, infected skin, insect bites, insomnia, nausea, neuralgia, PMS, rheumatism, sores, sprains, strains, stress, wounds. Blends well with: Bergamot, Clary Sage, geranium, Grapefruit, Jasmine, Lavender, Lemon, Rose, Tea Tree, Ylang Ylang. Caution: Avoid use in pregnancy.
Chamomile Roman Chama-
emelum
nobile
Flower head Steam distilled Italy Common uses: aches, pains in muscles/joints, PMS, stress. Blends well with: Cedarwood, Clary Sage, Frankincense, Geranium, Lavender, Neroli, Marjoram, Rose, Rosewood, Ylang Ylang. Caution: use well diluted, high concentration may cause skin reactions in sensitive people.
Cinnamon Leaf Cinna-
momum
Zeyla-
nicum
Leaves Steam France Common uses: Antiseptic, stimulant, antibiotic, constrict tissue, induce flatulence, induces/hastens menstrual flow, antispasmodic, natural insecticide. Blends well with: any oil in the citrus family, spice oils (particulary Clove, Lavender, Rosemary, Thyme). CAUTION: Capable of causing sensitivity, particularly mucous membranes. Should be properly diluted. AVOID IN PREGNANCY.
Cinnamon Seed Cinna-
momum
Zeyla-
nicum
Leaves Steam France Common uses: Antiseptic, stimulant, antibiotic, constrict tissue, induce flatulence, induces/hastens menstrual flow, antispasmodic, natural insecticide.Blends well with: any oil in the citrus family, spice oils (particulary Clove, Lavender, Rosemary, Thyme).CAUTION: Capable of causing sensitivity, particuarly mucous membranes. Should be properly diluted. AVOID IN PREGNANCY.
Citronella Cymbo-
pogon
winteri-
anus
jowitt
(Certified
organic)
Gum Steam Sri Lanka Cymbopogon nardus (100% Pure Essential Oil) Common uses: Helps with minor infections, combats colds and flu, excessive perspiration, conditions oily skin and hair. Also used as an antiseptic, insecticide, parasitic, stimulant, restorative agent. Blends well with: most oils but especially with Bergamot, Cedarwood, Geranium, Orange, Orange Bitter, Lavender, Pine. CAUTION: may irritate sensitive skin.
Clementine Citrus-
nobilis
Crude peel Cold pressed Italy Common uses: Revitalise and balance, combating insomnia. Blends well with: other Essential Oils particulary the citrus and floral family. Caution: phototoxic - avoid direct sunlight after use.
Clove Bud Syzgium
aroma-
ticum
Bud Steam India Common uses: Effective for minor aches and pains (particularly dental pain), helpful for cold and flu. Blends well with: other spice oils, Citronella, Grapefruit, Lemon, Orange, Peppermint, Rosemary, Rose. CAUTION: Avoid during pregnancy. Use diluted as can cause skin sensitisation.
Clove Leaf Eugenia aroma-
ticum
Leaves Steam India (often substituted for clove bud as cheaper in price for making candles and soaps). Common uses: Skin irritations, digestive issues, bad breath. Blends well with: oils from the spice and citrus family, Bay, Bergamot, Clary Sage, Lavender, Rose, Ylang Ylang. Caution: direct application to the skin should be avoided.
Corriander Corrian-
drum
Sativum
Seeds Steam Russia Common uses: Refresh and wake the mind, helps with mental fatigue, migraine pain, tension, nervous weakness, rheumatism, arthritis, muscle spasms, combats colds and flu, aphrodisiac, induces flatulence, deodorant, fungicidal, revitalising, stimulant. Blends well with: Bergamot, Cinnamon, Ginger, Grapefruit (white or pink), Lemon, Neroli, Orange.
Cumin Seed Cuminum cyminum Seeds Steam Egypt Common uses: Relieves muscular pains and arthritis. Helps with colic, dyspepsia, flatulence, bloating and indigestion. Beneficial for headaches, migraine pain and nervous exhaustion. Antioxidant, antiseptic, antispasmodic, aphrodisiac, bactericidal, gas expulsion, digestive and diuretic properties. Blends well with: Caraway, Chamomile, Lavender, Rosemary and essential oils with an oriental flavour. Caution: phototoxic properties- avoid sunlight after use. Avoid use in prgnancy and those with sensitive skin.
Cypress Cyperssus
semper-
virens
Needles
& twigs
Steam Australia Common uses: combat excessive perspiration, particularly feet, heamorrhoids, menorrhagia, oily skin, rheumatism, varicose veins. Relaxing, nerve soothing, used in skincare applications. Blends well with; Bergamot, Clary Sage, Fennel (all), Grapefruit (all), Juniper, Lavender (all), Lemon, Lime, Orange, Pine (all), Rosemary (all), Tangerine.
Cypress Australian Green Callitris
intra-
tropica
Needles
& twigs
Steam Australia Common uses: known for skincare properties, moisturising and soothing. considered similar to Chamomile German Blue. Soothing and relaxing for nerves without sedative properties. Gentle- suitable for all skin types. Blends well with: Cardamom, Cedarwood (all), Clary Sage, Geranium (all), Jasmine, Juniper, Lavender (all), Lemon Tea Tree, Lemon Myrtle, Mandarin, Marjoram (all), Orange, Pine (all), Rose (all), Sandalwood.
Eucalyptus Camaldulensis Eucalyp-
tus
Camal-
dulensis
Wood & Leaves Steam China Common uses: skin ailments (burns and blisters) wounds, insect bites, lice, skin infections, combat colds and flu, sore muscles and joints. Blends with Cedarwood, Lavender, Lemon, Marjoram, Pine, Rosemary, Thyme. CAUTION: Should be diluted. Avoid use during pregnancy. Note: Has the same common uses as Eucalyptus Citriodora, Eucalyptus Radiata, Eucalyptus Smithii.
Eucalyptus Radiata Australis Eucalyp-
tus
radiata
Leaves Steam Australia Common uses: Excellent for burns, blisters, wounds, insect bites, lice, skin infections, colds, flu, sore muscles/joints. Blends well with: Cedarwood, Lavender, Lemon, Marjoram, Pine, Rosemary, Thyme. Caution: Use well diluted, Avoid use in pregnancy.
Fennel Bitter Foeniculum vulgare
amara
Seeds Steam Spain Common uses: Antiseptic, antispasmodic, induces flatulence, laxative, diuretic, expectorant, stimulant, beneficial to spleen and digestion, invigorating, restoring, stimulating and warming. Caution: may cause skin irritation, use well diluted, avoid sun after use. Avoid in pregnancy.
Fennel Sweet Foeniculum vulgare
dulce
Seeds Steam Bulgaria Common uses: Has a cleansing and tonic effect on the skin, helps with bruises, oily skin, mature complexions. Invigorating, restoring, stimulating and warming. For coughs, colds, consipation. CAUTION: Should not be used in large doses as it may have a narcotic effect. Should be avoided altogether in those that are pregnant, have epilepsy. Dilute well before use, may cause skin irritation.
Frankincense Boswella carteri Resin CO2 Ethiopia Common uses: Rejuvenates ageing skin, tonic for sores, carbuncles, wounds, scars, skin ainfections, induces flatulence, digestive, diuretic, constricts tissue, sedative, expectorant. Blends well with: Basil, Bergamot, Cardamom, Cedarwood, Chamomile, Cinnamon, Clary Sage, Coriander, Geranium, Ginger.
Geranium Bourbon Pelar-
gonium
grave-
olens
Herb Steam distillation Egypt Common uses: Acne, bruises, burns, cuts, dermatitis, eczema, haemorrhoids, lice, mosquito repellent, ringworm, ulcers, breast engorgement, odema, poor circulation, sore throat, tonsillitis, PMS, menopausal problems, stress, neuralgia. Blends well with: Basil, Bergamot, Carrot seed, Cedarwood, Citronella, Clary Sage, Grapefruit, Jasmine, Lavender, Lime, Lemon, Lemongrass, Neroli, Orange, Rosemary. CAUTION: Can cause sensitivity in some people. As it balances the hormonal system should be avoided in pregnancy.
Geranium Geranium Egypt Herb Steam distilled Egypt Common uses: Acne, bruises, burns, cuts, dermatitis, eczema, lice, mosquito repellent, ringworm, poor circulation, sore throat. Blends well with: Basil, Bergamot, Carrot seed, Cedarwood, Citronella, Clary Sage, Grapefruit, Jasmine, Lavender, Lime, Lemon, Lemongrass, Neroli, Orange, Rosemary.
Ginger Zingiber officinale Roo Steam France Common uses: colds, flu, nausea (motion and morning sickness), muscle aches (particularly backs), circulation issues, arthritic pain, aphrodisiac based on energising properties. Warming to combat loneliness and depression. Blends well with Bergamot, Sandalwood, Ylang Ylang and other spice oils. Caution: can irritate sensitive skin, phototoxic- avoid sunlight after use.
Grapefruit Pink Citrus paradisi Crude peel Cold pressed France Common uses: Spiritual uplifter, eases muscle fatigue and stiffness, purifier of congested, oily and acne prone skin. Blends well with: other oils from the citrus family, Rosemary, Cypress, Lavender, Geranium, Cardamom and most other spice oils. Caution: Rare cases reported it may cause sensitisation.
Grapefruit White Citrus paradisi Crude Peel Cold Pressed France Common uses: Spiritual uplifter, eases muscle fatigue and stiffness, purifier of congested, oily and acne prone skin. Blends well with: other oils from the citrus family, Rosemary, Cypress, Lavender, Geranium, Cardamom and most other spice oils. Caution: Rare cases reported it may cause sensitisation. The difference between white and pink are minor, pink is sweeter, cost/supply/demand, more pink is produced.
Hyssop Hyssopus officinale Leaves and flowers Steam Slovenja Common uses: ease sore throats caused by sinus issues, relieve bronchial spasms, may be helpful for asthma attacks, anti-rheumatic, antiseptic, antispasmodic, induces flatulence, digestive, diuretic, expectorant, sedative, stimulant, restorative agent. Blends well with: Cajeput, Eucalyptus, Myrtle, Ravensara. Caution: Avoid use in pregnancy and epilepsy.
Juniperberry Juniperus communis Berries Steam distilled Himalayas of India Common uses: supportive, restoring, tonic aid, meditation, weight loss, detoxification blends, considered purifying and clearing. Blends well with: Bergamot, Chamomile, Clary Sage, Eucalypts, Geranium, Marjoram, Rosemary, Sandalwood. CAUTION: Avoid in pregnancy.
Laurel leaf Laurus
nobilis
Leaf Steam Spain Common uses: antiseptic, antibacterial, and antifungal properties are used for scars, acne, blemishes, boils, scabies. Aids depression, anxiety, paranoid psychosis, neuritis. Warming properties bring awareness, courage, confidence, enhance emotions. Tonic for hair and scalp stimulating growth and aiding dandruff. Blends well with: Bay leaf, Citrus oils, Clary Sage, Cypress, Hyssop, Juniperberry. Caution: possible skin irritation, some sensitisation, Avoid use in pregnancy.
Lavender Lavandula Officinalis Flower head Steam distilled France Common uses: Treatment of burns and healing of skin, prevention of infection. Promote rapid healing and help to decrease scarring. Antiseptic, anticonvulsive, antidepressive, antirheumatic, analgesic, antispasmodic, antiviral, bactericidal, induces flatulence, decongestant, deodorant, diuretic. Preferred choice for soaps, candles, perfumes, cosmetics. Blends well with: Most oils especially citrus and floral oils, Clove, Cedarwood, Clary Sage, Geranium, Patchouli, Pine, Vetiver, Ylang Ylang. CAUTION: avoid use in pregnancy , avoid if hypotensive (low blood pressure).
Lavender Lavandula
angust-
ifolia
Flower head Steam Distilled Australia Considered True Lavender. Common uses: Treatment of burns and healing of skin, prevention of infection. Promotes rapid healing and help to decrease scarring. antiseptic, anticonvulsive, antidepressive, antirheumatic, analgesic, antispasmodic, antiviral, bactericide, induces flatulence, decongestant, deodorant, diuretic, carminative. chologue, ciastrisant, cytophylactic. Blends well with: Bay, Bergamot, Chamomile, Citronella, Clary Sage, Geranium, Jasmine, lemon, Manarin, Orange, Palmarosa, Patchouli, Pine, Tangerine, hume, Rosemary, Rosewood, Ylang Ylang. CAUTION: Avoid use in pregnancy , avoid if hypotensive (low blood pressure).
Lavindin grosso Augusti-
folia x
latifolia
Flowering top Steam distillation France Common uses: similar to true lavender, hypotensive, insecticide, soothes nervous excitement, sedative, restorative agent. Blends well with: Clove, Cinnamon, Citronella, Clary Sage, Cypress, Geranium, Patchouli, Pine, Rosemary, Thyme. CAUTION: Should be avoided in those people with low blood pressure.
Lemon Citrus
limonum
Peel of the fruit Cold pressed Italy Common uses: Treatment of boils and cuts. High antibacterial properties, cleansing effect on skin and hair. Refreshing and cooling. Caution: may cause skin irritation in some people. Phototoxic - avoid direct sunlight after use.
Lemongrass Cymbo-
gopon
Flexuosus
(D.C)
Leaves Steam extraction Nepal Common uses: Known for its invigorating and antiseptic properties. Excellent antidepressant (tones and fortifies the nervous system), soothes muscular nerves and pain. CAUTION: Avoid use in those with Glaucoma and with children. Use with caution in those with prostatichyperplasia and those with skin sensitivity or damaged skin.
Lime Citrus
auranti-
folia
Peel Cold pressed Italy Common uses: crisp refreshing scent, uplifting and revitalising. Helps clear oily skin. Blends well with: Bergamot, Cedarwood, Geranium Bourbon, Grapefruit pink/white, Lavender (all), Lemon, Mandarin, Neroli, Nutmeg, Orange sweet, Palmarosa, Petitgrain, Rose Absolutes, Rosemary (all), Rosewood, Tangerine, Vetiver, Ylang Ylang. Caution: Phototoxic- avoid direct sunlight after use.
Litsea Cubeba (May
Chang)
Small, pepper like fruits Steam distilled Australia Common uses: Calming, anti-inflammatory, astringent, antiseptic, insect repellent, hypotensive, stimulating. Blends well with: Bergamot, Geranium (all), Ginger, jasmine, Rose, Rosemary, Rosewood.
Mandarin Citrus reticulata Crude fruit peel Cold pressed Italy Common uses: digestive aid, (for use against indigestion), hiccups, anxiety, assist liver function in the elderly. Blends well with: Bay, Cinnamon, Clove, Grapefruit, Lime, Lemon, Nutmeg, Orange. CAUTION: Avoid direct sunlight after using, some evidence Mandarin oil is photophobic.
Marjoram Origanium majorana Flowers & leaves Steam Spain Common uses: Warming and comforting, can be massaged onto the abdomen during menstruation or added to a warm compress, treatment of tired aching muscles (excellent for sports massage). Vaporisation will encourage sleep. Add to a warm/hot bath at first signs of a cold. Blends well with: Basil, Cardamom, Chamomile, Clary Sage, Cypress, Eucalyptus, Frankincense, Lavender, Nutmeg, Orange, Rosewood, Spikenard, Tea Tree, Thyme. Caution: Avoid use in pregnancy.
Melissa leaf Melissa officinalis Leaves Steam Egypt Approximately 3 tonnes of plant material is required to make approximately 500ml of Essential oil. Common uses: antidepressant, uplifting, antispasmodic, bactericidal, carminative, diaphoretic, nervine, sedative. Blends well with: Bergamot, Cedarwood (all), Geranium (all), Jasmine, Lavender (all), Lemon, Marjoram sweet Neroli, Rose (all), Ylang Ylang. Caution: possible sensitising and dermal irritation.
Melissa Leaf Reconstituted Melissa officinalis Leaves Steam Egypt Approximately 3 tonnes of plant material is required to make approximately 500ml of Essential oil. Common uses: antidepressant, uplifting, antispasmodic, bactericidal, carminative, diaphoretic, nervine, sedative. Blends well with: Bergamot, Cedarwood (all), Geranium (all), Jasmine, Lavender (all), Lemon, Marjoram sweet Neroli, Rose (all), Ylang Ylang. Caution: possible sensitising and dermal irritation.
Myrrh commi-
phora
myrrh
Resin Steam Africa Common uses: Enhance spirituality, used in meditation or before healing. Antimicrobial, antifungal, astringent, healing, tonic, stimulant, carminative, stomachic, anticatarrheal, expectorant, diaphoretic, antiseptic, immune stimulant, circulatory stimulant, anti-inflammatory, antispasmodic. Blends well with: Frankincense, Lavender (all), Palmarosa, Patchouli, Rose (all), Rosewood, Sandalwood (all), Tea tree, Thyme. Caution: possibly toxic in high concentrations. Not to be used in pregnancy.
Myrtle Myrtus communis Blossom Steam France Common uses: Combats sore throats and coughs, antiseptic, bactericidal, expectorant, decongestant. Blends well with: Bergamot, Clary Sage, Clove, Hyssop.
Neroli Citrus aurantium Blossom Steam France Common uses: increase circulation, stimulate new cell growth, prevent scarring, stretch marks, treatment for skin conditions related to stress, good for dry irritated sensitive skin, regulates oiliness and minimises enlarged pores, helps clear acne and blemished skin. Used regularly it can reduce fragile or broken capillaries and varicose veins. Common uses: Antidepressant, antiseptic, antispasmodic, aphrodisiac, carminative, deodorant, digestive, stimulant (nervous), tonic (cardiac and circulation). Blends well with: Clary Sage, Lavender (all), Lemon, Myrrh, Spice oils such as cinnamon, clove, nutmeg.
Nutmeg Myristica fragrans Seeds Steam Indonesia Common uses: Arthritis, constipation, fatigue, muscle aches, neuralgia, poor circulation, rheumatism, slow digestion. Adds warmth, spice and inspiration when used in small amounts. Blends well with: Clary Sage, Geranium, Lavender, Orange, Petitgrain, Rosemary, other spices. Caution: If used in large amounts can cause nausea and tachycardia. Avoid use in pregnancy.
Orange Bitter Citris aurantium Peels Cold pressed Italy Common uses: combats colds, flu, constipation, dull skin, flatulence, gums, slow digestion, stress, anti-depressant, antiseptic, antispasmodic, aphrodisiac, induces flatulence, deodorant, digestive, stimulant (nervous) restorative agent (cardiac, circulatory), non irritant to the kidneys. Blends well with: Clary Sage, Lavender (all), Lemon, Myrrh, Spicy oils, e.g. Nutmeg, Cinnamon, Clove.
Orange Sweet Citrus
sinensis
Peels Cold pressed Italy Common uses: combats colds, flu, constipation, dull skin, induces flatulence, gums, slow digestion, stress, anti-depressant, antiseptic, antispasmodic, aphrodisiac, deodorant, digestive, stimulant (nervous) restorative agent (cardiac, circulatory), non irritant to the kidneys. Blends well with: Bergamot, Clary Sage, Lavender, Lemon, Myrrh, Rosewood, Sandalwood, Spicy oils, eg Nutmeg, Cinnamon, Clove. CAUTION: Some have experienced dermatitis from the limonene content.
Oregano Originum vulgare Herb Steam France Common uses: Volatile oil of Originum, has considerable inhibitory effects against 25 different genera of bacteria including animal and plant pathogens, (food poisoning and spoilage bacteria). Blends well with: Bergamot, Chamomile (all), Cypress (all), Cedarwood (all), Eucalyptus, Lavender (all), Rosemary (all), Tea Tree. Caution: dermal and mucous membrane irritant if used in high concentrations.
Palmarosa Cymbo-
pogon
martini
Grass Steam India Common uses: Diffuse during flu epidemic, acts against viral illnesses and bacteria. Helps with acne, alopecia, lack of concentration, depression, apathy and despair, antiseptic, hydrating, stimulant (digestive, circulation), tonic. Blends well with: Cedarwood, Floral oils, Geranium, Rosewood, Sandalwood.
Patchouli Pogo-
stemon
cablin
Leaves Steam India Common uses: Combat nervous disorders, dandruff, sores, acne, skin irritations, antidepressant, anti-inflammatory, anti-emetic, antimicrobial, antiseptic, anti-toxic, antiviral, aphrodisiac, actericidal, carminative, deodorant, digestive, diuretic, febrifuge, fungicidal, nerving, prophalyactic, stimulant, tonic. Blends well with; Bergamot, Cedarwood, Clary Sage, Myrrh, Sweet Orange, Rose, Sandalwood.
Pepper Black Piper
nigrum
Dried berries Steam India Common uses: helpful to treat pain, rheumatism, chills, colds, flu, increases circulation, muscular aches, fevers, analgesia, antiseptic, antispasmodic, anti-toxic, aphrodisiac, digestive, diuretic, laxative. Blends well with: Bergamot, Clary Sage, Clove, Coriander, Fennel, Frankincense, Geranium, Ginger, Grapefruit, Lavender, Juniperberry, Lemon, Lime, Mandarin, Sage, Sandalwood, Ylang Ylang. CAUTION: may cause irritation to sensitive skin. Using too much may over stimulate the kidneys. Should be avoided in pregnancy due to possible shin sensitising effect.
Peppermint Mentha arvensis Flowering herb Steam USA Common uses: Combat stomach ailments, antispasmodic, antimicrobal agent, cooling effect by constricting capillaries and helping with sore joints and bruising. Blends well with: Basil, Bergamot, Cajeput, Cedarwood, Eucalyptus, Lemon, Lime, Mandarin, Marjoram, Pine, Rosemary, Spearmint, Thyme. CAUTION: can be sensitising due to menthol content.
Petitgrain Petitgrain bigarde Leaves & twigs Steam France Common uses: Uplifting properties, helps calm anger, stress, used in skincare for acne, oily skin and as deodorizing agent. Blends well with: Bergamot, Cedarwood, Clary Sage, Geranium, Lavender, Lime, Jasmine, Neroli, Orange, Palmarosa, Rosemary, Rosewood, Sandalwood, Ylang Ylang.
Pine Pinus
pinaster
Needles Steam USA Common uses: analgesic, antibacterial, antibiotic, antifungal, antiseptic, antiviral, arthritis, asthma, bladder infection, bronchitis, colds, convalescence, coughs, cuts, cystitis, decongestant, deodorant, detoxifying, disinfectant, diuretic, eczema, laryngitis, lice, rheumatism, ringworm, muscular aches, psoriasis, sinusitis. Blends well with: Citronella, Clary Sage, Coriander, Cypress, Eucalyptus, Frankincense, Juniper, Lavender, Myrrh, Rosemary, Spikenard, Tea Tree.
Pine Pinus sylvestris Needle & twigs Steam Hungary Common uses: analgesic, antibacterial, antibiotic, antifungal, antiseptic, antiviral, arthritis, asthma, bladder infection, bronchitis, colds, convalescence, coughs, cuts, cystitis, decongestant, deodorant, detoxifying, disinfectant, diuretic, eczema, laryngitis, lice, rheumatism, ringworm, muscular aches, psoriasis, sinusitis. Blends well with: Citronella, Clary Sage, Coriander, Cypress, Eucalyptus, Frankincense, Juniper, Lavender, Myrrh, Rosemary, Spikenard, Tea Tree.
Ravensara Raven-
sara
aroma-
ticum
Leaves Steam distilled Madagscar Common uses: May assist with respiratory problems, colds, flu, cold sores, cuts, wounds, burns, antibiotic, liver, lung infection, rhinopharyngitis, sinusitis, viral hepatitis, cholera, herpes, insomnia, muscle fatigue, infectious mononucleosis. Excellent treatment for Athlete's foot. Blends well with; Clove, Eucalyptus, Lavender, Rosemary. Caution: Avoid during pregnancy.
Rose Geranium Pelar-
goneum
Roseum
- - - Common uses: Acne, bruises, burns, cuts, dermatitis, eczema, haemorrhoids, lice, mosquito repellent, ringworm, ulcers, breast engorgement, odema, poor circulation, sore throat, tonsillitis, PMS, menopausal problems, stress, neuralgia. Blends well with: Basil, Bergamot, Carrot seed, Cedarwood, Citronella, Clary Sage, Grapefruit, jasmine, Lavender, Lime, Neroli, Orange, rosemary, Caution: can cause sensitivity in some people as it balances the hormonal system.
Rose Otto Rosa
damas-
cena
Needle & twigs Steam distil-
lation
Bulgaria Common uses: antidepressant, antiseptic, antiviral, aphrodisiac, laxative, regulator of appetite, sedative, bactericidal, antispasmodic, induces/hastens menstrual flow. Caution: Do not use during pregnancy.
Rosemary Rosmar-
inus
officin-
alis
Herb Steam France CT Verbenone. Common uses: Facial oil for extremely dry skin, normalises excessive oil secretions, improves most scalp problems (particularly dandruff and seborrhea), nourishes the scalp, keeps hair healthy and shiny, balances emotions, controls mood swings, lifts spirits, counteracts depression, helps manage stress, overcome stress related disorders, nervous exhaustion, cellulite. Blends well with: Basil, Bergamot, Cedarwood, Frankincense, Ginger, Lemon, Orange, Peppermint. CAUTION: Generally non-toxic, non-sensitising. Not suitable for people with Epilepsy or those with hypertension. Avoid in pregnancy. May antidote homeopathic remedies.
Rosewood Aniba
rosae-
odora
Wood Steam distilled Brazil Common uses: Bactericidal, anti-fungal, antiviral, immune system stimulant, tissue regenerator, antidepressant, aphrodisiac. Blends well with: Cedarwood, Frankincense, geranium, Rosemary, Mandarin, Ylang Ylang. CAUTION: Avoid use during pregnancy. Possible irritation to sensitive skin.
Sage Salvia officinalis Leaves Steam Croatia Common uses: anti-inflammatory, antiseptic, constricts tissue, digestive, diuretic, insecticide, laxative, induces/hastens menstrual flow, restorative agent. Blends well with: Bergamot, Lavender, Lemon, Rosemary. CAUTION: Avoid use in pregnancy, if suffering epilepsy, high blood pressure.
Sandalwood Santalum spicatum Wood Steam Australia Common uses: combat bronchitis, chapped dry skin, depression , laryngitis, oily skin, scars, sensitive skin, stress, stretch marks, aphrodisiac. Blends well with: Rose, Clove Bud, Lavender (all), Geranium, (all), Vetiver, Patchouli, Jasmine, Coriander, Cypress (all), Fennel (all), Frankincense, Myrrh, Palmarosa, Pepper (all), Peppermint, Spearmint, Vanilla.
Sandalwood Santalum album Wood Steam India Common uses: combat bronchitis, chapped dry skin, depression , laryngitis, oily skin, scars, sensitive skin, stress, stretch marks, aphrodisiac. Blends well with: Rose, Clove Bud, Lavender (all), Geranium, (all), Vetiver, Patchouli, Jasmine, Coriander, Cypress (all), Fennel (all), Frankincense, Myrrh, Palmarosa, Pepper (all), Peppermint, Spearmint, Vanilla.
Spearmint Mentha spicata Flower heads Steam USA Common uses: Local/topical anaesthetic, antispasmodic, constrict tissue, induces flatulence, decongestant, digestive, diuretic, expectorant, stimulant, restorative, uplifting oil for alleviating fatigue and depression. Blends well with: most oils particularly Basil, Bergamot, Eucalyptus, Jasmine, Lavender, Rosemary.
Spikenard Nordo-
stachys
jatamansi
Dried root Steam Nepal Common uses: Rashes, wrinkles, cuts, insomnia, migraine, wounds. Blends well with: Lavender, patchouli, Pine, Vetiver, and spice oils. Caution: Avoid use during pregnancy.
Star Anise Illicium
verum
Seeds & flowering tops Steam distilled China Common uses: antiseptic, carminative, expectorant, insect repellent, stimulant, respiratory disorders, digestive system, colic, rheumatism. Blends well with: Bergamot, Cardamom, Clove, Fennel, Orange, Mandarin, Rose. CAUTION: Avoid use during pregnancy and on sensitive skin. Use in moderation.
Tamala Cinna-
momum
tamala
Bark Steam distillation India Common uses: anti-diarrhoeal, anti-emetic, antimicrobial, constricts tissue, induces flatulence, spasmolytic, colds/ flu, digestive problems. Blends well with: Frankincense, Mandarin, Orange, Ylang Ylang. Caution: May cause irritation to sensitive skin, use with caution.
Tangerine Citrus reticulata Crude peel Cold pressed Italy Common uses: Refreshing and rejuvenating, clears the mind, eliminates emotional confusion, comforting, soothing and warming, antispasmodic, induces flatulence, digestive, diuretic, sedative, stimulant (digestive and lymphatic). Blends well with: Basil, Bergamot, Cinnamon, Clary Sage, Clove, Frankincense, Lavender, Lemon, Lime, Neroli, Nutmeg, Orange. Caution: Can be phototoxic, avoid sunlight after use. dilute well prior to use on the skin.
Tansy Blue Tana-
cetum
annum
Leaves & flowers Steam Morocco Common uses: Skin care properties as an anti inflammatory, antihistamine, antispasmodic, induces relaxation, decreases nervous tension and stress, beneficial for allergies. Blends well with: Ravensara.
Tea Tree Melaleuca alternifolia Leaves Steam Australia Common uses: very powerful immune stimulant, helps to fight all 3 categories of infectious organisms (bacteria, fungi, viruses), colds, measles, sinusitis, acne, oily skin, head lice, dandruff, topical infections, infected wounds. Massage prior to operations may help reduce post operative shock. Blends well with: Cinnamon, Clary Sage, Clove, Geranium, Lavender, Lemon, Myrrh, Nutmeg, Rosewood, Rosemary, Thyme. CAUTION: may cause dermal sensitising in some people. Do not take internally.
Thyme Thymus vulgarus Herb CO2 Hungary Common uses: Bactericide, antispasmodic, antimicrobial, constricts tissue, antiseptic, anti-toxic, diuretic, antifungal, immune stimulant, nervous complaints, respiratory problems, poor circulation, digestive system. Blends well with: Bergamot, Grapefruit, Lemon, Lavender, Pine Rosemary. CAUTION: Avoid use during pregnancy, or if a history of elevated blood pressure. Can irritate the mucous membranes, cause skin irritation and skin sensitisation.
Thyme Thymus vulgaris Herb CO2 France Common uses: Bactericide, antispasmodic, antimicrobial, constricts tissue, antiseptic, anti-toxic, diuretic, antifungal, immune stimulant, nervous complaints, respiratory problems, poor circulation, digestive system. Blends well with: Bergamot, Grapefruit, Lemon, Lavender, Pine Rosemary. CAUTION: Avoid use during pregnancy, or if a history of elevated blood pressure. Can irritate the mucous membranes, cause skin irritation and skin sensitisation.
Vanilla Vanilla plantifolia Fruit Food grade solvent Brazil Common uses: sensual aphrodisiac, comforting and relaxing. Blends well with: Bergamot, grapefruit, Lemon, Mandarin, Orange, Sandalwood, Tangerine, Vetiver.
Verbena Lippia Javanica Stem & leaves Steam distillation South Africa Common uses: analgesia, antidepressive, deodorant, disinfectant, emollient, expectorant, reduces fever, insecticide, restorative, asthma, bronchitis, colds, flu, fevers, malaria, pleurisy, nose bleeds, measles, skin aliments, insect bites and stings, muscular pain, scalp tonic. Blends well with: Cedarwood, Grapefruit, Mandarin, Neroli, Palmarosa, Petitgrain.
Vetiver Vetiveria zazanoides Root Steam Java Common uses: Deeply relaxing and comforting, used in perfumery and aromatherapy applications. Blends well with: Cedarwood, Frankincense, Ginger, Jasmine, Juniper, Lavender, Lemongrass, Patchouli, Rose, Sandalwood, Spikenard, Ylang Ylang.
Wintergreen Gaultheria
fragrant-
issima
Leaves Steam distilled Nepal Common uses: antiseptic, diuretic, stimulant, induces/hastens menstrual flow, anti-rheumatic (gout), stiffness due to old age, revitalises and gives energy following muscular pains (good for athletes).
Xanthyloxym Xantho-
xylum
Armatum
Fruits Steam distilled Nepal Common uses: anti-infectious, sedative, arthritis, cholera, toothache, the seeds and bark are used as an aromatic, tonic in the treatment of fevers, dyspepsia and cholera.
Yarrow Achillea millefolium Herbs Steam Croatia Common uses: Balancing and uplifting, practical applications for gynaecological issues, wounds, open sores. Used in cosmetics for dry skin care. Blends well with: Cedarwood, Pine, Myrrh, Frankincense, Chamomile. CAUTION: Possible sensitisation in some people, use in very low concentration only.
Ylang Ylang Cananga oderata Flower Steam France Common uses: High Blood pressure, rapid breathing and heartbeat, nervous conditions, impotence, frigidity. Blends well with: Bergamot, Grapefruit, Lavender, Neroli, Rosewood, Sandalwood. Caution: Can cause sensitivity in some people, excessive use may lead to headaches and nausea.
We teach identification, harvesting, solvent extraction, decoction, infusion, steam distillation, concentration and preservation at our Ecovillage Training Center. Check our workshop schedule for current dates.
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